Celebrate: Hina Matsuri

Hina Matsuri, also known as Girls’ Day, is coming up this weekend (March 3). Tiers of hina dolls have been popping up in the past few weeks, making for beautiful and eye-catching displays everywhere from shrines to department stores. As the mother of a young daughter, this holiday has taken on even more meaning for me as we spent the last few weeks searching for the perfect keepsake to commemorate our daughter’s connection to the land of her birth.

The history of Hina Matsuri stretches back nearly 1000 years to the Heian Period, when the capital of Japan was in Kyoto. People were quite superstitious of bad spirits and unlucky gods and paper or straw dolls were made and floated down rivers to rid young girls of any evil or sickness attached to them. Some accounts claim the tradition stemmed from ancient Chinese rituals while others claim the death of an Emperor’s daughter prompted the creation of the tradition.

The beautiful display of hina dolls at my neighbor's mother's home
The beautiful display of hina dolls at my neighbor’s mother’s home

Whatever the case, the celebration of Hina Matsuri again changed in the Edo Period. People with daughters began to display sets of hina dolls in their homes – these sets ranged from simple affairs (an Emperor and an Empress doll with a simple screen background) to the full seven tiers of figures (Emperor, Empress, court attendants, court musicians, etc). No matter the number of dolls on display, all the figures are always dressed in the style of the Imperial Court nearly a millennium ago.

Though I’ve been lucky enough to see some beautiful multi-tier hina displays in the past few weeks, after much searching I actually chose a slightly different form of hina dolls. Nearly 70% of hina dolls are portrayed in a sitting position, a style that originated in the Edo Period. Before that, however, the common style was tachibina, or standing dolls. I hadn’t planned to buy a set of standing hina dolls, but when I saw the set below, I couldn’t resist. I hope someday my daughter values the piece of Japanese tradition we picked out for her.

My (daughter's) newly purchased hina dolls, in the old tachibana style
My (daughter’s) newly purchased hina dolls, in the old tachibina style

8 thoughts on “Celebrate: Hina Matsuri

Add yours

  1. I love your choice of Hina Dolls. The faces are precious. I’m sure that they are even more beautiful when seen in person. Keira will always love these. They are probably more practical for a little girl growing up in America and also a great reminder of her birth home and younger days. I’ve been reading a lot about the Hina dolls and Girls’ Day. Japan has some very different celebrations, but wonderful. I think this is one of my favorites. The Japanese station we watch had a section on the Hina dolls and Girls’ Day.. One of the displays was a couple of (maybe more) stories high. You have good taste, Mandy and you know the history, which is wonderful.

  2. There are many different hina-ningyō sets here in Japan and they are usually quite expensive. Traditionally grandparents buy a set for a girl for her first Hina Matsuri (hatsu-zekku).

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

Blog at WordPress.com.

Up ↑

%d bloggers like this: